Access to toilets is a basic right for everyone and this right extends to people working in construction sites. This is why Victorian authorities enforce construction site toilet requirements to ensure that workers’ welfare is protected and upheld. The WorkSafe Victoria’s Compliance Code for Facilities in Construction ensures that safety, health, and sanitary requirements are imposed on construction companies to protect their workers.
Practical Benefits of Mobile Toilet in Construction Sites
Setting up mobile toilets in construction sites is a practical move for any construction company as it provides considerable benefits. Despite the additional construction cost in the workplace, construction site toilets provide for an optimum working environment for everyone.
Workers with easy access to toilets in construction sites are generally happy and comfortable. A workforce with this kind of mindset can prove to be more productive throughout the entire job’s timeframe. Moreover, easy access to toilets eliminates the wasted time that workers spend walking or driving to the nearest public and private toilets available, which means added cost- efficiency on labour.
The most important benefits of toilets in construction sites are about safety, health, and sanitation. By avoiding workers from urinating within the construction area, exposure to harmful bacteria and other organisms is also reduced. By implementing mobile toilets, you comply with clients and health authorities and improve your business’ integrity.
Moreover, obeying the law and providing toilets in construction areas helps you avoid considerable penalties and even revocation of your business permit.
Victorian Requirements for Temporary Toilets in Construction Sites
WorkSafe Victoria provides rules and guidelines regarding the setup of available and accessible temporary toilets for workers in construction areas. As provided in the Compliance Code for Facilities in Construction, toilets in construction sites must adhere to the following:
Employees in constructions sites must have access to clean and hygienic movable toilets. This means that there should be at least one closet or a combination of closets and urinals. Toilets need to be enclosed and can be locked from the inside. The slab urinal must be at least 600 millimetres. A unisex toilet must have a closet pan, a wash basin and a sanitary disposal unit. A closet pan is a type of toilet fixture that includes a bowl and a water trap. It is designed to efficiently and hygienically collect and remove human waste. All female toilets must have a sanitary disposal unit.
Ideally, movable toilets must be connected to a sewerage system or a self-contained fresh water flushing type toilets. Straight drop toilets and pan closets are not advised as they do not meet the necessary hygienic requirements. Additionally, toilets must be marked, fitted with hinged seat and lid, with each closet having hinged doors that can be locked from the inside, and a floor constructed with impervious materials and situated 75 millimetres above the surrounding environment.
The ratio of Toilets and Employees
Separate toilets for male and female employees should be made available if both genders work in the construction site. However, a unisex toilet can be used if the number of people usually working on site is lesser or equal to 10, or if there are only one or two employees of a specific gender working on site.
If the site has more than 100 employees of the same gender, the following ratio must be used:
|Number of Closets
|Number of Urinals
*Urinals can be replaced with closets for both male and female use.
If the number of employees exceeds 101 but is lesser than 200, an additional closet and urinal must be added for every 20 males and an additional two closets for every 20 females. If there are more than 200 employees, one closet and urinal must be added for every 35 males and two additional closets for every 35 females. For workplaces with unknown exact employee gender composition, male and female toilets must be provided.
By adhering to these requirements, you not only obey the laws but also provide the necessary facilities to ensure the comfort, health, and welfare of your workers.